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2020年9月26日雅思考题回顾

2020年9月26日雅思口语考题回顾

Part1题目汇总(加粗为高频题)

Part2考题汇总(加粗为高频题)

人物类:

Describe an old friend that you got in contact again.

Describe a family which you like and are happy to know.

Describe an intelligent person you know.

Describe a person who often helps others.

Describe a person who shows his or her feelings.

Describe an energetic person that you know.

Describe a person who taught you a skill when you were a child.

Describe a person who you are happy to know.

Describe an old person you know and respect.

Describe a friend who is a good leader.

地点类:

Describe a public building you enjoyed visiting.

Describe a city or town you enjoyed visiting and would like to visit again.

Describe a city that you visited that has been affected by pollution.

Describe a place where you are able to relax.

Describe a foreign country (culture) you want to know more about.

物品类:

Describe an ambition that you have had for a long time.

Describe a tradition in your country.

Describe a photograph of you that you like.

Describe a prize that you received.

Describe an area of science that interests you.

Describe an expensive activity that you enjoy doing occasionally.

Describe a conversation topic that you were not interested in.

Describe a time when you received good news.

Describe a book you read that you found useful.

Describe a film that made you laugh.

Describe a good decision you made recently.

Describe a line that you remember from a poem or song.

Describe an indoor game you played as a child.

Describe a sport that you would like to try for the first time.

Describe a film that made you think a lot.

Describe someone or something that made a lot of noise.

Describe an application (program) you usually use on your phone.

Describe a large company that you are interested in.

事件类:

Describe a time when you worked in a group.

Describe a time when you changed your opinion.

Describe a time when you first talked in a foreign language.

Describe an occasion when you forgot something important.

Describe a time when you saw children behave badly in public.

Describe something you enjoyed doing with a group pf people.

Describe a time you are surprised to meet a friend.

Describe an occasion when you wasted your time.

Describe an occasion when you lost your way.

Describe a (long) car journey you went on.

Describe a risk you have taken which had a positive result.

Describe a time when you learned from a mistake you made.

Describe a time when a family member asked you for help.

Describe an occasion you wore the best clothes.

Describe a dinner that you had with friends.

朗阁名师李亚男点评

Part1:

Part1部分的题目都是难度适中的日常相关话题,但是同学们在答题时经常会出现时态混乱的情况,例如题目是“Did you…”“Have you ever…”“What was your first/last…”这样的句型,一定要把握住正确的时态。

Part2:

part2部分,人物类话题的考题数量有大幅上涨,但是很多题目可以串联起来使用同一个素材,希望同学们在考前做好准备;其次在事件类话题中,有一些题目比较难从生活中获取素材,例如被动物吓到,养花种树,需要在考前收集材料,做好准备,练习熟练。

考试建议

口语题库非常透明化,建议考生在时间充足的条件下,尽量把题库题目都过一遍,着重准备热门题目和自己认为难度较高的题目。part3部分同学们也不要放弃,特别注意该部分容易出现人称代词混乱,希望大家保持清醒完美发挥到最后一刻,加油。

2020年9月26日雅思考试听力回顾

场景话题:

S1 电影俱乐部介绍/ S2二手车买卖 / S3在线课程/ S4 土壤农场研究

S1填空/ S2 配对题+地图题 S3 选择题+配对题/ S4 填空

朗阁名师王晓莲点评

本次考试难度中等。单词较为常规,注意以下单词的正确拼写:comparison, microscope

本场考试填空题出现在P1、P4。答案(仅供参考)如下:

P1:

1.action movie;

2.discussion;

3.exhibition;

4.450;

5.17 April;

6.meeting;

7.month;

8.bookshop;

9.tickets;

10.guest

P4:

31.fruit;

32.water;

33.woodland;

34.comparison;

35.river;

36.microscope;

37.software;

38.butterflies;

39.date;

40.location

本场听力考试整体难度中等,配对题占比较大。大家在平时复习备考时还是要加大配对题的训练力度,防止在考场上“蒙圈”。地图题近期考试频率在50%左右,考生需提前做好准备,不要心存侥幸不练习啊。

剑桥真题有部分题目的语速整体偏慢,针对这类题目,建议大家备考时可以调整1.2-1.6倍语速做题,提前适应雅思考试。本场考试题型十分典型,依旧是P1,P4填空,P2,P3配对的题型组合。填空题和选择题的比例为1:1。填空题方面,此次答案词较为日常。我们在备考期间,需要脚踏实地按照场景背诵高频单词,单词复习时需特别注意单词“辨音”的问题,加强“听音”的训练,不能只停留在“看见单词-认识意思”的阶段。这提醒我们注意a.)建立起单词发音和词汇之间的联系,防止出现“认识单词”却“听不出单词”的问题。B.)注意单词的正确拼写。最终检查时,填空方面要尤其注意单词格式、拼写以及单复数等,不确定的可以自己结合篇章内容、语法逻辑以及发音判断。S2,S3方面,选择题+配对题是最近考试的热门组合题型,需要考生加强对选择配对题的练习,把握定位,强化替换词,明辨陷阱选项。

替换词:本场考试需注意一些常规同义替换和词组搭配。注意配对题带来的审题压力。考生们如果遇到选项较长的选择题,审题时需要对选项进行简化,“去同求异”,抓住选项之间的差别。

参考剑桥练习:剑11Test3 Section2;剑11Test2 Section2;剑11Test4 Section2;剑13Test2 Section2;剑13Test2 Section3; 剑13Test3 Section3; 剑13Test4 Section3; 地图题参考剑13Test1 Section2;剑12Test4 Section2

考试预测

1. 场景方面:场景方面依旧是主流场景(租房咨询、展览、课程讨论、学科讲座),在接下来的考试中,考生还应将重点放在S1咨询,租房,面试 S2旅游,活动及公共场所设施介绍,S3课程讨论及论文写作,S4各类学术讲座。

2. 题型:本次考试题型设置:S1,S4填空为主;S2,S3选择题为主。

3. 机经:如需参考机经,以2013-2016年机经为主。建议机经复习以熟悉词汇为主,确保曾经考察过的单词自己都能辨音并正确拼写。

2020年9月26日雅思考试写作回顾

小作文: 折线图

大作文: Anyone can use a mobile phone to answer the work call and home call at any place, or 7 days a week. Do you think there is more negative or positive on both individual and society?

朗阁名师杨钰点评

1.本次考试 难度偏低。

2.整体分析

Task 1:折线图:2000-2010年澳大利亚五市私家车和公共交通的使用比例及变化。

注意:动态图,注意趋势变化的描述;2.注意时间、选用过去的时态;3. 图表中的数据不需要都提及,注意数据的整合。

相关表达:

1. There was a significant increase by +数据 in the proportion of public transportation usage +时间

2. From 2000 onwards, the period from x to x witnessed a drop in sth.

3. Although sth fell marginally, it then increased back to the figure in 2010.

3.Task 2 :科技类话题

题目翻译:现在人们可以随时随地通过手机接通工作和私人电话,你觉得这样一个发展是好还是坏?

从话题上来说,属于科技类话题,考生可以运用平时对此话题的积累加以论证。

从类型上来说,属于利弊类题型,考生应当分段论述手机普遍使用的好处和坏处。

从结构上来说,可以采取四段式的写法:

第一段:题目改写+问题回答。

第二段:手机普遍使用的好处

第三段:手机普遍使用的坏处

第四段:总结段-重申问题回答。

题目思路:

主体段 1: 手机普遍使用的好处

1. 相比于过去的通讯方式(compared with how people connected with each other in ancient times),手机更加便捷(largely boost convenience to daily life),增加了沟通的效率(greatly enhance the efficiency of communication)。

2. 在遇到紧急情况的时候(when encountering emergencies),利用手机立刻联系到家人或者朋友(get in touch with families or friends in a relatively short period of time),就显得十分重要(become critical)。

主体段 2: 手机普遍使用的坏处

1. 严重影响工作和生活的平衡(disrupt people’s life and even cause imbalances between work and life),即便人们在休息日(off-day)甚至是度假的过程中(during the vocation),严苛的老板还(strict boss)是会通过手机联系到你(send some emails of customers),影响私人生活(exert bad influences on personal life and reduce the well-being of people in general)。

考试预测

1.小作文:重点关注饼状图、流程图

2.大作文:重点关注媒体、文化、教育话题。

3.重点浏览2018年写作机经,可借助《高分范文书》第8版经典旧题来复习。

2020年9月26日雅思考试阅读回顾

P1 天气预报的发展历史

P2 明星员工 Star Performers

P3 视觉盲点

朗阁雅思阅读组教师徐航点评

1. 本次考试的难度总体中等。配对题依然稳定出现,题量达到15题左右。未出现单选或多选,但考到了句子完成配对。判断题量很大,每篇都有。第一篇的判断+填空模式延续。文章的话题和题型搭配也是在剑桥真题中都有迹可循,所以真题吃透非常必要。

2. 整体分析:历史类(P1)、商业管理(P2)、科学类(P3)。

本次考试的第二篇文章重复 20160114, 20121124雅思考试的原篇。P1和P3均为新题。判断题贯穿3篇文章。P1题型是常规的填空+判断篇章,两种顺序题型搭配出现,属于对某事物发展史进行介绍的说明文,按照时间发展的顺序进行说明,读起来难度不大。P2是商业管理类文章,文章理解难度不大,文章批判了对公司选取人才的传统的观点,讨论人才和选人标准之间的论证。讲公司考核员工主要的依据,才能是与生俱来的,是不变的,是需要公司去发现的。文章先用一段肯定了有才能的人的存在,然后分段讲到,才能是随时间变化的,是不能被精确度量的,是可以凭努力换来的。考察了段落细节配对。P3是常见的研究人类生命科学的文章,文章话题为什么人眼看东西会忽略一些东西,加上一些专家分析。题型上考察人名观点配对+句子配对的多个配对题。

3. 部分答案及参考文章:

Passage 1:天气预报的发展历史

题型:判断题6 +填空题7

技巧分析: 本篇是对某事物发展史进行介绍的说明文,按照时间发展的顺序,读起来难度不大。判断出现在第一篇是最近考试常态,本次依然是常见判断+填空的组合。题型内部都有顺序性,两个题型之间可能按顺序出题或者穿插出题。第一篇应该控制在15-18分钟之内完成。

参考答案:

1. F

2. T

3. F

4. NG

5. T

6. T

参考原文:

Passage 2:明星员工 Star Performers

题型:段落细节配对 4+判断 4+填空 5

技巧分析:第二篇难度中等。文章批判了对公司选取人才的传统的观点,讨论人才和选人标准之间的论证。讲公司考核员工主要的依据,才能是与生俱来的,是不变的,是需要公司去发现的。文章先用一段肯定了有才能的人的存在,然后分段讲到,才能是随时间变化的,是不能被精确度量的,是可以凭努力换来的。

参考答案:

段落细节配对:

28 One example from non-commerce/business settings that better system wins bigger stars F

29 One failed company that believes stars rather than system B

30 One suggestion that author made to acquire employees then to win the competition

nowadays G

31 One metaphor to human medical anatomy that illustrates the problems of hiring stars. C

判断:

32 McKinsey who wrote The War for Talent had not expected the huge influence made by this book. NG

33 Economic condition becomes one of the factors which decide whether or not a country would prefer to hire foreign employees. YES

34 The collapse of Enron is caused totally by a unfortunate incident instead of company’s management mistake. NO

35 Football clubs that focus making stars in YES

填空:

An investigation carried out on 1000 36 analysts of a survey by Harvard Business Review found a company hire a 37 star has negative effects. For instance, they behave considerably worse in a new team than in the 38 working environment that they used to be. They move faster than wall street and increase their 39 salary. Secondly, they faced rejections or refuse from those 40 rivals within the team. Lastly, the one who made mistakes had been punished by selling his/her stock share.相关话题文章参考:

Smell and Memory

Why does the scent of a fragrance ( 香味)or the mouldiness(陈腐)of an old trunk trigger such powerful memories of childhood? New research has the answer, writes Alexandra Witze.

A

You probably pay more attention to a newspaper with your eye’s than with your nose. But lift the paper to your nostrils ( 鼻孔) and inhale. The smell of newsprint might carry you back to your childhood, when your parents perused ( 精读) the paper on Sunday mornings. Or maybe some other smell takes you back-the scent of your mother’s perfume, the pungency ( 刺激性) of a driftwood campfire. Specific odours can spark a flood of reminiscences. Psychologists call it the “ Proustian phenomenon” ( 涌式现象), after French novelist Marcel Proust. Near the beginning of the masterpiece In Search of Lost Time, Proust’s narrator dunks ( 蘸) a madeleine cookie into a cup of tea - and the scent and taste unleash ( 释放) a torrent ( 连续不断的) of childhood memories for 3000 pages.

B

Now, this phenomenon is getting the scientific treatment. Neuroscientists Rachel Herz, a cognitive neuroscientist at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, have discovered, for instance, how sensory memories are shared across the brain, with different brain regions remembering the sights, smells, tastes and sounds of a particular experience. Meanwhile, psychologists have demonstrated that memories triggered by smells can be more emotional, as well as more detailed, than memories not related to smells. When you inhale, odour molecules ( 分子) set brain cells dancing within a region known as the amygdala (杏仁区 ) , a part of the brain that helps control emotion. In contrast, the other senses, such as taste or touch, get routed through other parts of the brain before reaching the amygdala. The direct link between odours and the amygdala may help explain the emotional potency ( 力量) of smells. “There is this unique connection between the sense of smell and the part of the brain that processes emotion,” says Rachel Herz.

C

But the links don’t stop there. Like an octopus ( 章鱼 ) reaching its tentacle ( 触 须) outward, the memory of smells affects other brain regions as well. In recent experiments, neuroscientists at University College London (UCL) asked 15 volunteers to look at pictures while smelling unrelated odours. For instance, the subjects might see a photo of a duck paired with the scent of a rose, and then be asked to create a story linking the two. Brain scans taken at the time revealed that the volunteers’ brains were particularly active in a region known as the olfactory cortex ( 嗅觉脑皮层) , which is known to be involved in processing smells. Five minutes later, the volunteers were shown the duck photo again, but without the rose smell. And in their brains, the olfactory cortex lit up again, the scientists reported recently. The fact that the olfactory cortex became active in the absence of the odour suggests that people’s sensory memory of events is spread across different brain regions. Imagine going on a seaside holiday, says UCL team leader, Jay Gottfried. The sight of the waves becomes stored in one area, whereas the crash of the surf goes elsewhere, and the smell of seaweed in yet another place. There could be advantages to having memories spread around the brain. “You can reawaken that memory from any one of the sensory triggers,” says Gottfried. “Maybe the smell of the sun lotion, or a particular sound from that day, or the sight of a rock formation.” Or in the case of an early hunter and gatherer ( out on a plain - the sight of a lion might be enough to trigger the urge to flee, rather than having to wait for the sound of its roar and the stench ( 恶臭) of its hide to kick in as well.

D

Remembered smells may also carry extra emotional baggage, says Herz. Her research suggests that memories triggered by odours are more emotional than memories triggered by other cues. In one recent study, Herz recruited five volunteers who had vivid memories associated with a particular perfume, such as opium for Women and Juniper Breeze from Bath and Body Works. She took images of the volunteers’ brains as they sniffed that perfume and an unrelated perfume without knowing which was which. (They were also shown photos of each perfume bottle.) Smelling the specified perfume activated the volunteers brains the most, particularly in the amygdala, and in a region called the hippocampus ( 海马体) , which helps in memory formation. Herz published the work earlier this year in the journal Neuropsychologia.

E

But she couldn’t be sure that the other senses wouldn’t also elicit ( 抽出) a strong response. So in another study Herz compared smells with sounds and pictures. She had 70 people describe an emotional memory involving three items-popcorn, fresh-cut grass and a campfire. Then they compared the items through sights, sounds and smells. For instance, the person might see a picture of a lawnmower, then sniff the scent of grass and finally listen to the lawnmower’s sound. Memories triggered by smell were more evocative than memories triggered by either sights or sounds.

F

Odour-evoked memories may be not only more emotional, but more detailed as well. Working with colleague John Downes, psychologist Simon Chu of the University of Liverpool started researching odour and memory partly because of his grandmothers stories about Chinese culture. As generations gathered to share oral histories, they would pass a small pot of spice or incense around; later, when they wanted to remember the story in as much detail as possible, they would pass the same smell around again. “It’s kind of fits with a lot of anecdotal evidence on how smells can be really good reminders of past experiences,” Chu says. And scientific research seems to bear out ( 证实) the anecdotes. In one experiment, Chu and Downes asked 42 volunteers to tell a life story, then tested to see whether odours such as coffee and cinnamon ( 肉 桂皮) could help them remember more detail in the story. They could.

G

Despite such studies, not everyone is convinced that Proust can be scientifically analysed. In the June issue of Chemical Senses, Chu and Downes exchanged critiques(批评) with renowned perfumer and chemist J. Stephan Jellinek. Jellinek chided ( 责备) the Liverpool researchers for, among other things, presenting the smells and asking the volunteers to think of memories, rather than seeing what memories were spontaneously evoked by the odours. But there’s only so much science can do to test a phenomenon that’s inherently different for each person, Chu says. Meanwhile, Jellinek has also been collecting anecdotal accounts of Proustian experiences, hoping to find some com:mon links between the experiences. “I think there is a case to be made that surprise may be a major aspect of the Proust phenomenon,” he says. “That’s why people are so struck by these memories.” No one knows whether Proust ever experienced such a transcendental ( 阜越的) moment. But his notions of memory, written as fiction nearly a century ago, continue to inspire scientists of today.

Passage 3:视觉盲点

题型:人名观点配对+判断+句子完成配对

技巧分析:本篇文章话题为什么人眼看东西会忽略一些东西,加上一些专家分析。相关话题文章参考:

27-30 匹配

27.C

28.B

29.E

30.F

31-35 判断

31.TRUE

32.NOT GIVEN

33.NOT GIVEN

34.FALSE

35.NOT GIVEN

36-40 匹配

36.C

37. D

38. E

39. B

40. G

考试预测

1. 本场考试整体难度中等,话题有难度一般,题型上配对题比重较大,同时判断题比重也较大。基础的判断和填空练好很有必要。

2. 下场考试重点预测段落标题heading题,单选题和多选题。段落细节配对几乎每场必考。判断和填空预测出现在第一篇。剑桥真题中有大量的填空+判断题的组合,建议考生把准确率和速度训练到最好水平。 下场考试的话题可能有关自然科学类,历史类和人文类。

3. 重点浏览2012和2018年机经。

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